Anemia is a condition where red blood cell volume is either low or where red blood cells are dysfunctional in its oxygen carrying capacity.
Patients with anemia report feelings of weakness, fatigue, or exercise intolerance but also other symptoms may manifest. Anemia is diagnosed based on a hemoglobin concentration below 130 g/l in males and 120 g/l in females.
Anaemia is a serious global public health problem that particularly affects young children and pregnant women. Global anemia prevalence in 2010 was 32.9% and accounted for 8.8% of the total disability from all conditions.